By : Ranjana Bhandari, GPT English Teacher, GHPS Hulkutri.
Preparatory Activity :
- Can you answer the following riddles?
What is the longest word in the English language ?
‘Smiles’ – because there is a ‘mile’ between its first and
What starts with ‘P’, ends with ‘E’ and has millions of
The ‘Post office’
What word begins with ‘e’, ends with ‘e’ and has one
Which ‘pillar’ keeps crawling all the time ?
What has size and shape but no weight ?
Which son may prove dangerous ?
What cannot move or walk, but can go from place to
Which letter in the English alphabet always asks a
Language work (Grammar)
Articles – ‘a’, ‘an’ and ‘the’
Articles are words that define a noun as specific or unspecific.
English has two types of articles: definite and indefinite.
Indefinite article : a, an
Use ‘a’ when the noun begins with a consonant.
Example- a bag, a cat
Exception- when the vowel ‘u’ sounds like you.
Example- a university, a utensil
Use ‘an’ when the noun begins with a vowel.
Example- an apple, an umbrella
Exception- when the consonant ‘h’ is silent.
Example- an hour, an honour
Definite article : the
* Unique things – the sun, the moon, the sky etc.
* Specific things – the umbrella in the bag, The children are in the garden.
* Superlative degrees of adjectives – the tallest, the most interesting thing etc.
* Before names of newspaper, magazines – the Times of India, the Hindustan times etc.
Present tense forms :
Past tense and Present tense
learned – learn
visited – visit
said – say
had – have
continued – continue
spoke – speak
made – make
challenged – challenge
presented – present
could – can
discussed – discuss
filled – fill
accepted – accept
defeated – defeat
found – find
should – shall
heard – hear
took – take
shouted – shout
slept – sleep
astonished – astonish
proved – prove
left – leave
The Scholar’s Mother Tongue
Glossary : (with pictures)
Scholar – someone who has studied a subject and knows a lot about it. ವಿದ್ವಾಂಸ
Mother tongue – a language from which another language derives, one’s native language. ಮಾತೃಭಾಷೆ
Court – the residence or establishment of a sovereign or similar dignitary. ಆಸ್ಥಾನ
Mastery – skill or knowledge that makes one master of a subject. ಪಾಂಡಿತ್ಯ
Fluent – able to speak a language naturally without stopping or making mistakes. ನಿರರ್ಗಳವಾಗಿ, ಸರಾಗವಾಗಿ
Sneak – go quietly. ತಪ್ಪಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳು
Whisper – speak in a low voice. ಪಿಸುಮಾತು
Tickle – touch someone lightly. ಕಚಗುಳಿ ಇಡು
Astonished – surprised. ಆಶ್ಚರ್ಯಚಕಿತರಾದ
Dismay – a feeling of sadness and disappointment. ನಿರಾಶೆ