Language Work (Grammar)
Subject – Verb Agreement
Collocations Associated Words
How do Bees Make Honey? – Unit-3 – PROSE
Honey is the oldest sweet used by people. It is a natural sugar made by bees. It contains sugar, proteins, iron and calcium. We can digest honey very easily. It calms a cough and soothes a sore throat. It is also known for its ability to kill bacteria.
Let us now learn about making honey. Honey-making is not very simple. Honey bees start the honey-making process by visiting flowers and collecting nectar. They gather nectar in the spring when most flowers and plants are in bloom. They use their long, tubelike tongues to suck the nectar out of the flowers.
They store the nectar in their stomachs (honey sacs) and carry it to the beehive. While inside the bee’s stomach for about half an hour, the nectar mixes with the proteins and enzymes produced by the bees. The nectar is thus converted into honey. The bees then drop the honey into the honeycombs (hexagonal cells made of wax produced by the bees). The bees repeat the process until the combs are full.
nectar : a sweet fluid produced by flowers and made into honey by bees – ಮಕರಂದ
in bloom : with the flowers fully open – ಹೂ ಅರಳುವಿಕೆ
honey sac : also called honey stomach – ತುಪ್ಪದ ಹೊಟ್ಟೆ, ಮಧುಕೋಶ, ಜೇನು ಚೀಲ
hive : beehive; a structure wherein bees live and make honey – ಜೇನುಗೂಡು
enzyme : chemical substance that is produced – ರಾಸಾಯನಿಕ ಪದಾರ್ಥ, ಕಿಣ್ವ
To prepare for long-term storage, the bees fan their wings to evaporate and thicken the honey (note: nectar has 80% water and honey has only about 14-18% water). When this is done, the bees cap the honeycomb with wax and move on to the next empty comb. So, in a nutshell, the honey we eat is nectar that honey bees have collected, regurgitated and dehydrated to enhance its nutritional properties.
fan (v) : make air move around – ಗಾಳಿ ಚಲಿಸುವಂತೆ ಮಾಡು
evaporate : turn from liquid into vapour – ಆವಿಯಾಗಿ ಹೋಗು
honeycomb : a block of wax full of six-sided holes in which bees store honey – ಜೇನುಗೂಡು
hexagonal : having six sides – ಷಟ್ಕೋಣ, ಷಡ್ಭುಜೀಯ
wax : smooth substance made by bees, to seal the honey filled cells – ಮೇಣ
Honey bees are divided as house bees and field bees. The house bees keep the houses clean and well ventilated. They build new combs to store honey. Field bees are older bees. They go away from the house. Their job is to search for nectar.
/ri:gэ:dʒІteІt : bring food that you have already swallowed, back into your mouth – ನುಂಗಿರುವ ಆಹಾರವನ್ನು ಹೊರಕ್ಕೆ ಹಾಕು
dehydrate : remove the water from something – ಒಣಗಿಸು, ನಿರ್ಜಲೀಕರಿಸು
ventilate : admit fresh air – ಗಾಳಿ ಬೆಳಕನ್ನು ಆಡಿಸು
Honey bees do not live long. At the time of honey gathering season they work very hard. As a result, a honey bee does not live longer than a month. Around two thousand bees die every day in a honey-making hive. The queen bee lays eggs and she maintains the population of the hive.
How to make…
How to make rava upma :
Tell the class how the following items are prepared :
• lemon juice
• tea or coffee.